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Drive in Bulgaria. Speed limits, road signs, documents, children

Drive in Bulgaria

Here are the practical info, and everything you need to know, to drive in Bulgaria without problems.

As always, it is recommended to follow some basic and universal rules.
Always respect speed limits, for your safety and to avoid penalties. It should be noted that in the event of an infringement it is possible to pay the fines in cash to the police who have fined the fine. Get your receipt, of course!
If you have drunk alcohol, DO NOT DRIVING. For no reason.
In the event of an accident, YOU MUST ALWAYS STOP and provide assistance; it is important, however, not to hinder circulation


In Bulgaria you drive to the right and overtake on the left. Always respect the safety distance.
Always give priority to pedestrians who cross or are about to cross a road; even if there are no pedestrian crossings on the ground.

The entry into the European Union has represented a turning point for the country, in particular as regards infrastructures. Before 2000, Bulgaria had about 50% of unpaved roads. Only in 2015, about 20 thousand kilometers of national roads and highways, 98% is paved! The goal is to improve road connections with neighboring countries, and internal connections connecting Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas and Varna.


Driving license, registration certificate and valid insurance certificate. If you are driving a vehicle that is not your own, we recommend that you take a DELEGATION TO CONDUCT. This is a delegation of the vehicle owner with an authenticated signature.

Drive in Bulgaria


It is mandatory to have the following items in the car, under penalty of payment of penalties:

Fire extinguisher.
First aid kit.
Self-reflective waistcoat.

Safety belts are mandatory for all passengers.
The helmet, the self-reflective vest and the medical case are mandatory for motorcycles.


The motorway network is marked with the letter A, followed by a progressive number. A billboard on green and white character marks the Bulgarian highway. As mentioned, the network is in continuous development phase. At 2016, the network extends for just under 800 kilometers. Four of the nine motorways are finished; the remaining ones are being completed.

On national roads and Bulgarian motorways, you do not pay the toll for the kilometers traveled. It is mandatory, however, to buy the appropriate mark, that is, vinetka. From here, all the info.
Highways and major roads are marked on blue-and-white signs. In any case, these are important arteries. They are marked by the letter I followed by a sequential number from 1 to 9. To these, we add the I-18, known as Ring Road. It is a ring road, which passes around the capital.

Generally, the indications in the main roads and in the motorway sections are written in Latin. A good part of the indications, however, are in Cyrillic. Without a navigator it could really be a problem.

Pay close attention to driving away from cities and rural roads, due to poor road conditions and infrastructure. Also, do not underestimate the guidance of the Bulgarians, sometimes reckless and without respecting the signs. On many roads, accidents are quite frequent!


Unless otherwise indicated, the speed limits are as follows:

  • 50 km/h in population centers;
  • 90 km/h outside population centers;
  • 130 km/h on motorways.


All children travel compulsorily on the back seats. Up to 3 years, there is the obligation to secure them to special seats. The latter must be approved according to the EC directives.

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